Tile types. What they are and where to use them?
There are ground and wall tiles, depending on how they are used.
Wall tiles are used on vertical plane, because they are not made to support heavy loads and traffic.
Floor tiles, as name implies, are mounted on the floor, but can also be used on walls. Bear in mind that it’s not recommended to mount big tiles on the walls.
When searching for floor tiles, check the Coefficient of Friction (COF) rating. This determines the slip resistance of the tile. A higher number means there’s a better slipping resistance. A COF of 0.5 is recommended.
Ceramic and porcelain tiles
The difference between the two comes from the manufacturing process. In the past, floor and wall tile color was given by the color and shade of the clay used in manufacturing.
The layer of clay was placed at a high temperature in the oven and this resulted in a plate with two porous sides. Later on, another manufacturing variation has been discovered, where one side was burned for the second time at an even higher temperature.
Following this process, the result is a smooth, glossy side called glaze. If the tiles are hold even longer and in high temperature, vitrification-transformation of a substance into a glass- will expand through the whole material. Porcelain tiles have different models, and have the same appearance as marble.
When to use ceramic and porcelain tiles?
When considering which tiles to use, we have to take into consideration things like traffic and environment. Porcelain floor tile is more durable and it’s recommended for the exterior and areas with high traffic and moisture. Because porcelain tiles absorb water at a slower rate, it’s better to use them in bathrooms. Porcelain or ceramic tiles can be used in the kitchen.
Ceramic floor tiles on the inside are a very good option to consider.
In terms of appearance, porcelain tiles are more glossy. Ceramic tiles are more matte and can have even small coarse irregularities.
Depending on the needs, you have to take into consideration which one will look better in a particular room.
Moreover, porcelain tiles will be used if there’s a risk of shock, moist and frost.